Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal Logo AgroParisTech_University

Economie Publique

UMR Economie Publique

Kamel Louhichi


Louhichi Kamel


Tel : +33 (0)1 89 10 10 24


INRAE-Paris-Saclay Applied Economics
22 place de l’Agronomie
CS 20040
91 123 Palaiseau Cedex

Research fields

Agricultural economics and environment, public policies analysis, biofuels, agricultural sector modelling, bioeconomic modelling, mathematical programing.


Personal page



List of publications with abstracts, URL or full text generated by "Prodinra" (bibliographic database which lists the publications of INRA researchers)


Selected publications


Mishra, A.; Louhichi, K.; Genovese, G.; Gomez y Palom, S.
Insights into land size and productivity in Ethiopia: What do data and heterogenous analysis reveal?
Aperçu de la relation taille des exploitations et productivité en Éthiopie : que révèlent les données et les analyses hétérogènes ?
in : Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, (2023), vol. 7. 14 p.
More information



Aghabeygi, M.; Louhichi, K.; Gomez, S.
Impacts of fertilizer subsidy reform options in Iran: an assessment using a Regional Crop Programming model
in : Bio-based and Applied Economics, (2022), vol. 11, n° 1. pp. 55-73.
More information

Louhichi, K.; Ricome, A.; Gomez y Paloma, S.
Impacts of agricultural taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from agricultural produce cess in Tanzania
in : Agricultural Economics, (2022), vol. 53, n° 5. pp. 671-686.
More information



Arribas, I.; Louhichi, K.; Perni, A.; Vila, J.; Gomez Y Paloma, S.
Modelling Risk in a Large Scale Positive Mathematical Programming Model
Modélisation du risque agricole dans un modèle de programmation mathématique positive à grande échelle
in : International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics, (2020), vol. 10, n° 1. pp. 2-32.
More information

Ciaian, P.; Espinosa, M.; Louhichi, K.; Perni, A.
Farm Level Impacts of Trade Liberalisation and CAP Removal Across EU: An Assessment using the IFM-CAP Model
Impacts au niveau de l'exploitation agricole de la libéralisation du commerce et de l'élimination de la PAC à travers l'UE: une évaluation utilisant le modèle IFM-CAP
in : The German Journal of Agricultural Economics, (2020), vol. 69, n° 2. pp. 108-126.

Espinosa, M.; Louhichi, K.; Perni, A.; Ciaian, P.
EU-Wide Impacts of the 2013 CAP Direct Payments Reform: A Farm-Level Analysis
in : Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, (2020), 42, n° 4. pp. 695-715.
More information

Gomez y Paloma, S.; Riesgo, L.; Louhichi, K.
The Role of Smallholder Farms in Food and Nutrition Security
Le rôle des petites exploitations agricoles dans la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle
Springer International Publishing : Cham, 2020. 251 p. Isbn : 978-3-030-42147-2
More information

Ricome, A.; Louhichi, K.; Gomez-Y-Paloma, S.
Subvention des intrants agricoles au Sénégal : Analyse comparative de trois modes d’interventions à l’aide d’un modèle de ménage agricole
Subsidizing agricultural inputs in Senegal: Comparative analysis of three modes of intervention using a farm household model
Publications Office of the European Union : Luxembourg, 2020. (JRC Science for Policy Report). 52 p. Isbn : 978-92-76-17432-5
More information

Ricome, A.; Louhichi, K.; Gomez-Y-Paloma, S.
Impacts of agricultural produce cess (tax) reform options in Tanzania
Impacts des options de réforme des taxes sur les produits agricoles en Tanzanie
Publications Office of the European Union : Luxembourg, 2020. (JRC Science for Policy Report). 52 p. Isbn : 978-92-76-17432-5
More information



Espinosa Goded, M.; Louhichi, K.; Ciaian, P.; Perni, A.
EU-wide impacts of the 2013 CAP direct payments reform: a farm-level analysis
Impacts à l'échelle de l'UE des paiements directs de la réforme de la PAC de 2013: une analyse au niveau de la ferme
in : Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy,(2019).  pp. 1– 21.
Morre information



Louhichi, K.; Ciaian, P.; Espinosa Goded, M.; Perni, A.; Gomez Y Paloma, S.
Economic Impacts of CAP Greening: Application of an EU-wide Individual Farm Model for CAP Analysis
Impacts économiques du verdissement de la PAC: application d'un modèle d'offre agricole européen (IFM-CAP)
in : European Review of Agricultural Economics, (2018), vol. 45, n° 2. pp. 143–171.
More information



Louhichi, K.; Ciaian, P.; Espinosa Goded, M.; Colen, L.; Perni, A.; Gomez Y Paloma, S.
Does the crop diversification measure impact EU farmers’ decisions? An assessment using an Individual Farm Model for CAP Analysis (IFM-CAP)
La mesure de diversification des cultures a-t-elle une incidence sur les décisions des agriculteurs de l'UE? Une évaluation utilisant le modèle de ferme individuel agricole IFM-CAP
in : Land Use Policy, (2017), vol. 66. pp. 250–264.
More information