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24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal AgroParisTech université Paris-Saclay

Welcome to ECOSYS

UMR ECOSYS - Ecologie fonctionnelle et écotoxicologie des agroécosystèmes

2012-2032 ICOS

Dispositif de mesure sur le site de Grignon
© INRA - 2014
ICOS Integrated Carbon Observation System (Nicolas Mascher, Benjamin Loubet)

Period :


Funding :

CE / FP7

Description :

ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System) is a European Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) for quantifying and understanding the greenhouse gas balance of the European continent and of adjacent regions ( It is organized in three different components (Atmosphere, Ecosystems, Oceans) and each of them is coordinated by a Thematic Center. Grignon site depends on the Ecosystem Thematic Center, which is hosted in three different countries: Italy (coordinator), Belgium and France. This decision has been taken in order to maximize the knowledge gained in the last decade by different groups in the ecosystem data collection, processing and distribution. The institutions that are part of the ETC are the euroMediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC) and the University of Tuscia in Italy, the University of Antwerp in Belgium and the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) in Bordeaux, France.
The ETC is organized in four main units with specific tasks:

  • Coordination Unit: responsible for the communication and interaction with ICOS ecosystem stations, others Central Facilities and the ICOS Head Office, organizes the ETC operations assessment and reporting.
  • Data Unit: responsible for the data processing and quality control, development of new exploration and validation tools and providing real time alert services in case of problems in the data received from the ICOS sites.
  • Test Unit: responsible for the test, evaluation and development of new sensors and new measurement and data processing methodologies also through specific Working Groups open to the scientific community, it is also the interface with instrument manufactures. The Test Unit will also work to organize roving system service for parallel validation measurements at the ICOS sites.
  • Network Unit: responsible for the network coordination and assistance, organizes training sessions and meetings with the ICOS Ecosystem sites staff, evaluate the performances of the ICOS stations and collect, analyze and store samples of soil and vegetation collected at the sites.
    The Units are composed by staff that is located in the different countries and institutions part of the ETC.
    More information are available at
lien vers le site web du projet :

lien vers le site web français de la composante "Écosystèmes" du projet :