Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal Logo AgroParisTech_University

Economie Publique

UMR Economie Publique

Kamel Louhichi


Louhichi Kamel

Fax : 01 30 81 53 68

INRAE-Économie publique
Avenue Lucien Brétignières
78850 Thiverval Grignon

Research fields

Agricultural economics and environment, public policies analysis, biofuels, agricultural sector modelling, bioeconomic modelling, mathematical programing.


Personal page



List of publications with abstracts, URL or full text generated by "Prodinra" (bibliographic database which lists the publications of INRA researchers)


Selected publications


Arribas, I.; Louhichi, K.; Perni, A.; Vila, J.; Gomez Y Paloma, S.
Modelling Risk in a Large Scale Positive Mathematical Programming Model
Modélisation du risque agricole dans un modèle de programmation mathématique positive à grande échelle
in : International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics, (2020), vol. 10, n° 1. pp. 2-32.
More information

Ciaian, P.; Espinosa, M.; Louhichi, K.; Perni, A.
Farm Level Impacts of Trade Liberalisation and CAP Removal Across EU: An Assessment using the IFM-CAP Model
Impacts au niveau de l'exploitation agricole de la libéralisation du commerce et de l'élimination de la PAC à travers l'UE: une évaluation utilisant le modèle IFM-CAP
in : The German Journal of Agricultural Economics, (2020), vol. 69, n° 2. pp. 108-126.

Espinosa, M.; Louhichi, K.; Perni, A.; Ciaian, P.
EU-Wide Impacts of the 2013 CAP Direct Payments Reform: A Farm-Level Analysis
in : Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, (2020), 42, n° 4. pp. 695-715.
More information

Gomez y Paloma, S.; Riesgo, L.; Louhichi, K.
The Role of Smallholder Farms in Food and Nutrition Security
Le rôle des petites exploitations agricoles dans la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle
Springer International Publishing : Cham, 2020. 251 p. Isbn : 978-3-030-42147-2
More information

Ricome, A.; Louhichi, K.; Gomez-Y-Paloma, S.
Impacts of agricultural produce cess (tax) reform options in Tanzania
Impacts des options de réforme des taxes sur les produits agricoles en Tanzanie
Publications Office of the European Union : Luxembourg, 2020. (JRC Science for Policy Report). 52 p. Isbn : 978-92-76-17432-5
More information



Espinosa Goded, M.; Louhichi, K.; Ciaian, P.; Perni, A.
EU-wide impacts of the 2013 CAP direct payments reform: a farm-level analysis
Impacts à l'échelle de l'UE des paiements directs de la réforme de la PAC de 2013: une analyse au niveau de la ferme
in : Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy,(2019).  pp. 1– 21.
Morre information



Louhichi, K.; Ciaian, P.; Espinosa Goded, M.; Perni, A.; Gomez Y Paloma, S.
Economic Impacts of CAP Greening: Application of an EU-wide Individual Farm Model for CAP Analysis
Impacts économiques du verdissement de la PAC: application d'un modèle d'offre agricole européen (IFM-CAP)
in : European Review of Agricultural Economics, (2018), vol. 45, n° 2. pp. 143–171.
More information



Louhichi, K.; Ciaian, P.; Espinosa Goded, M.; Colen, L.; Perni, A.; Gomez Y Paloma, S.
Does the crop diversification measure impact EU farmers’ decisions? An assessment using an Individual Farm Model for CAP Analysis (IFM-CAP)
La mesure de diversification des cultures a-t-elle une incidence sur les décisions des agriculteurs de l'UE? Une évaluation utilisant le modèle de ferme individuel agricole IFM-CAP
in : Land Use Policy, (2017), vol. 66. pp. 250–264.
More information


Louhichi, K.; Ciaian, P.; Espinosa, M.; Colen, L.; Perni, A.; Gomez y Paloma, S.
An EU-Wide Individual Farm Model for Common Agricultural Policy Analysis (IFM-CAP): First application to Crop Diversification Policy
Séville : JRC, 2015. ISBN : 978-92-79-43966-7. 97 p.
Download in pdf format



Louhichi, K.;Gomez y Paloma, S.
A farm household model for agri-food policy analysis in developing countries: Application to smallholder farmers in Sierra Leone
in : Food Policy, (2014), vol. 45. pp. 1-13
More information



Louhichi K.; Jacquet F.; Butault J.P.
Estimating input allocation from heterogeneous data sources: A comparison of alternative estimation approaches
in : Agricultural Economics Review, (2012), vol. 13, n°2.

Louhichi, K.;Valin, H.
Impact of EU biofuel policies on the French arable sector: A micro-level analysis using global market and farm-based supply models
Impacts de la politique de biocarburants de l’UE sur le secteur des cultures arables en France : analyse microéconomique combinant modèle d’offre agricole et modèle du commerce mondia
in : Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies, (2012), vol. 93, n° 3. pp. 233-272.
More information



Belhouchette, H., Louhichi K., Therond O., Wery J., Van Ittersum M.K., Flichman G.
Assessing the impact of the Nitrate Directive on farming systems using a bio-economic modelling chain
in: Agricultural Systems, vol. 104, n°2, 2011, pp. 135-145.
Plus d'informations...

Jeder H., Sghaier M., Louhichi K.
Impact of water pricing policy on the sustainability of the irrigated farming systems: a case study in the south-east of Tunisia.
in: New Medit, vol. 10, n°1, pp. 50-57.

Flichman G., Louhichi K., Boisson J.M.
Modelling the relationship between agriculture and the environment using bio-economic models: some conceptual issues.
in: Bio-Economic Models applied to Agricultural Systems, G. Flichman (Eds). Springer Academic Publishing, 2011. ISBN: 978-94-007-1902-6.

Louhichi K., Belhouchette, H., Wery J., Therond O., Flichman G.
Impact assessment of 2003 CAP reform and Nitrate Directive on arable farming in Midi-Pyrénées: A multi-scale integrated analysis.
in: The Common Agricultural Policy after the Fischer Reform: National Implementations, Impact Assessment and the Agenda for Future Reforms. Sorrentino A., Henke R., Severini S. (Eds), Ashgate Publishing Company, 2011. ISBN: 978-140-942-194-8.

Mouratiadou I., Russel G., Topp C., Louhichi K., Moran D.
Investigating the Economic and Water Quality Effects of the 2003 CAP Reform on arable Cropping Systems: A Scottish Case Study.
in: The Common Agricultural Policy after the Fischer Reform: National Implementations, Impact Assessment and the Agenda for Future Reforms. Sorrentino A., Henke R., Severini S. (Eds), Ashgate Publishing Company, 2011. ISBN: 978-140-942-194-8.



Janssen S., Louhichi K., Kanellopoulos A., Zander P., Flichman G., Hengsdijk H., Meuter E., Andersen A., Belhouchette H., Blanco M., Borkowski N., Heckelei T., Hecker M., Hongtao Li, Oude Lansink A., Stokstad G., Thorne P., Van Keulen H., Van Ittersum M.K.
A generic bio-economic farm model for environmental and economic assessment of agricultural systems
in : Environmental management, (2010), vol. 46, n° 6. pp. 862-877
Plus d'informations...

Louhichi K., Flichman G., Boisson J.M.
Bio-economic modelling of soil erosion externalities and analysis of erosion control policies - A Tunisian case study
in : Journal of Bioeconomics, (2010), vol. 12, n° 2. pp. 145-167.
Plus d’informations...

Louhichi K., Kanellopoulos A., Janssen S., Flichman G., Blanco M., Hengsdijk H, Heckelei T., Berentsen P., Oude Lansink P. and Van Ittersum M.
FSSIM, a bio-economic farm model for simulating the response of EU farming systems to agricultural and environmental policies
FSSIM, un modèle bioéconomique de ferme pour simuler la réponse des systèmes de production de l'UE aux politiques agricoles et environnementales
in : Agricultural Systems, (2010), vol. 103, n° 8. pp. 585-597.
Plus d'informations...

Mouratiadou I., Russel G., Topp C., Louhichi K., Moran D.
Modelling CAP-WFD Interactions and Cost-effectiveness of Measures to Reduce Nitrogen Pollution
Interactions Politique Agricole Commune - Directive Cadre Eau et coût-efficacité des mesures visant à réduire la pollution azoté
in : Water Science & Technology, (2010), vol. 61, n° 10. pp. 2689–2697.
Plus d'informations...

Louhichi K., Janssen, S., Kanellopoulos, A., Li H., Borkowski, N., Flichman, G., Hengsdijk, H., Zander, P., Blanco, M., Stokstad, G., Athanasiadis, I., Rizzoli, A.E., Huber, D., Heckelei, T., Van Ittersum, M.
A generic Farming System Simulator
Un simulateur des systèmes de production générique
in : Environmental and Agricultural Modelling: Integrated Approaches for Policy Impact Assessmen, Brouwer, F., van Ittersum, M.K. (Eds.). Springer Academic Publishing, 2010. ISBN: 978-90-481-3618-6

Louhichi, K.; Jacquet, F.
A review of the food vs. biofuel debate: argumentation and role of biofuel policies
Une revue du débat aliments vs. biocarburants : argumentation et rôle des politiques des biocarburants
Food Security in the Arab Countries: New Challenges and Opportunities in the Context of Global Price Volatility ; 2010/03/02-04 ; Mascate (OMN). 20 p.

Louhichi, K.
A review of farm-level models for policy analysis
Une revue des modèles d’exploitation agricole d'analyse des politiques publiques
Grignon : UMR Economie publique, (2010). 20 p.


Before 2010

Therond O., Belhouchette H., Janssen S., Louhichi K., Ewert F., Bergez J.E., Wery J., Heckelei H., Olsson J.A., Leenhardt D., Van Ittersum M.K.
Methodology to translate policy assessment problems into scenarios: the example of the SEAMLESS integrated framework
Environmental Science & Policy, (2009), vol. 12, n° 5. pp. 619-630.
Plus d’informations...

Ewert F., Van Ittersum M.K., Bezlepkina I., Therond O., Andersen E., Belhouchette H., Bockstaller C., Brouwer F., Heckelei T., Janssen S., Knapen R., Kuiper M., Louhichi K., Olsson J. A., Turpin N., Wery J., Wien J. E. and Wolf J.
A methodology for enhanced flexibility of integrated assessment in agriculture
in :Environmental Science & Policy, (2009), vol. 12, n° 5. pp. 546-561.
Plus d’informations...

Louhichi K., Boisson J.M., Flichman G.
Analyse économique de l’environnement et spécificités de la production agricole : pour une modélisation agro–économique
in : La Revue d’Economie Méridionale, vol. 55, n° 220, 4/2007. pp. 261–285.

Henry de Frahan B., Louhichi K., Harmignie O., Polomé P.
La politique agricole commune : une analyse de la réfor`me récente
in : Regards Economiques, n° 19, février 2004. pp. 2–13.

Louhichi K., Alary V., Grimaud P.
A dynamic model to analyse the bio–technical and socio–economic interactions in dairy farming systems at Reunion Island
in : Animal Research, vol. 53, n° 5, 2004. pp. 363–382.
Plus d’informations...

Louhichi K., Flichman G., Comeau A.
L’amélioration de l’efficience de l’irrigation pour une économie d’eau : cas d'un périmètre irrigué en Tunisie
in : Médit, n° 3, juillet – septembre 2000. pp. 21–29.

Louhichi K., Flichman G., Zekri S.
Un modèle bioéconomique pour analyser l’impact de la politique de conservation des eaux et des sols. Le cas d'une exploitation agricole tunisienne
in : Economie Rurale, n° 252, Juillet – Août 1999. pp. 55–64.