Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu INRAE AgroParisTech Université Paris-Saclay Institut Carnot Plant2PRo Agronomy joint research unit

Home page


Scientific publications

Some examples of recent publications from the Agronomy joint research unit

The complete list of UMR Agronomy publications (scientific and technical publications, books and book chapters, research and expert reports, theses and HDR) is available on the HAL open archive.

Impacts of crop diversification on biodiversity, soil quality and yields

Effects of cropping systems diversification

Diversification of cropping systems encompasses different strategies that can contribute to maintaining or enhancing the sustainability of...
Read more

Improving ecological and economic performance by combining leguminous service plants in field crop systems

The objective of this project was to quantify the ecosystem services provided by "cash crop-legume service plant" associations for winter oilseed...
Read more
Growing camelina

Growing camelina as a second crop in France

Leclère, M., Loyce, C., Jeuffroy, M.-H., 2018. European Journal of Agronomy 101, 78–89.
Read more
Designing coupled innovation

Designing coupled innovations for the sustainability transition of agrifood systems

Meynard JM, Jeuffroy MH, Le Bail M, Lefevre A, Magrini MB, Michon C. Agricultural Systems 157, 330-339, 2017
Read more

Can legume companion plants control weeds without decreasing crop yield?

Valentin Verret, Antoine Gardarin, Elise Pelzer, Safia Médiène, David Makowski, Muriel Valantin-Morison, 2017, Field Crops Research, Volume 204,...
Read more
crop field margins with the presence of flower strips photo credit: Paola Salazar

How agricultural techniques mediating bottom‑up and top‑down regulation foster crop protection against pests

Davide Bellone, Antoine Gardarin, Muriel Valantin‑Morison, Alan Kergunteuil, Foteini G. Pashalidou, Agronomy for Sustainable Development (2023) 43:20
Read more